How long do groundhogs live?

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Groundhogs in captivity can reach an age of up to 15 years. However, in the wild, most groundhogs only live for two to three years. Some might live to be six years old or older.

A variety of factors affect an animal’s lifespan, such as diet, habitat, disease, and predation.

Considering their size and life strategy, groundhogs live relatively long lives. 

groundhog
Photo by Jack Bulmer on Unsplash

Hibernating for extended periods of time may help them withstand harsh conditions and avoid predators, which may explain their longevity. Biochemistry and ecology ultimately determine how long a groundhog lives.

Groundhog diet

In addition to vegetation, groundhogs also eat small animals, including snakes and frogs.
The groundhog lives in a variety of habitats, including forests, meadows, and even cities. They do not only build their dens in the ground,but may also inhabit abandoned buildings.

Groundhog life cycle

Research suggests that groundhogs are relatively solitary creatures, coming together only to mate. The mating season for groundhogs falls between February and April. It is common for females to give birth to two to six offspring at a time. The average litter size is four pups. There is usually one litter a year for groundhogs.

Groundhogs as a problem

Because they burrow and eat crops, groundhogs are typically considered pests. It is not uncommon for groundhogs to be hunted for sport or for crop protection in some areas. There are many diseases that groundhogs can spread to humans, including rabies.

Importance of groundhogs

A groundhog is an interesting animal that has adapted well to both the wild and captivity. They also play an invaluable role in their ecosystems. Though they are sometimes considered pests, groundhogs provide many benefits to the environment and humans.

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